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  • Current science suggests that moderate coffee drinking is not associated with an increased risk of cancer at the majority of body sites.
  • Data suggests that there is no association between coffee consumption and increased risk of oesophageal, pancreatic, kidney, prostate, ovarian or skin cancers.
  • Research results also suggest that coffee consumption may be associated with a reduced risk of developing cancer at a number of body sites, including the oral cavity/pharynx, liver, brain, colon and rectum.
  • Data for stomach, endometrial and breast cancer is mixed and further studies are needed to clarify these associations.
  • A possible association has been shown between coffee consumption and bladder and lung cancer risk. However, in both cases residual confounding factors, mainly linked to smoking and alcohol consumption, remain. Further studies are needed to confirm the association.

The content in this Topic Overview was last edited in May 2016. Papers in the Latest Research section and further resources are added regularly.

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