Coffee and the senses

Overview

  • Aroma is defined as an odour whilst taste is the sense experienced by the tongue and describes sensations of saltiness, sweetness, sourness or bitterness. Flavour is a combination of both aroma and taste.
  • A large number of volatile compounds are associated with flavour in coffee, a smaller proportion of which are responsible for coffee aroma.
  • Experts define and describe the aroma and taste of coffee, generating profiles that differ according to type of coffee bean, geographical location, level of roasting and preparation method.
  • Drinking coffee provides a multisensory experience influenced not only by the type of coffee, preparation method and any additions, but also by the environment including the drinking vessel.

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