Topic overview

Print this page
  • The majority of reports currently available do not support any significant associations between caffeine intakes and bone density.
  • A large review indicated no overall negative effect of caffeine on bone health. Potentially negative effects on bone mineral density were recorded mainly in populations with insufficient calcium intake or very high coffee consumption.
  • Four further meta-analyses are unable to confirm an association between coffee intake and fracture risk. A potential association is observed between coffee intake and fracture risk in women and elderly adults in particular.
  • Results from a recent cohort study suggest that caffeine consumption may be associated with a modest decrease in bone mineral density but this did not translate into a substantially increased risk of osteoporosis or fractures typically associated with osteoporosis.
  • Currently, there are insufficient data to reach a convincing conclusion and further research is required.

The content in this Topic Overview was last edited in April 2015. Papers in the Latest Research section and further resources are added regularly.

This information is intended for Healthcare professional audiences.
Please consider the environment before printing.